sudo apt-get install cryptsetup
sudo yum install cryptsetup-luks


Creating a Luks encrypted USB disk

  1. Format the device and set the password

    sudo cryptsetup -y -v luksFormat /dev/xvdc
  2. Open the container

    sudo cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/xvdc backup
  3. Verify the mapper has been assigned and the container opened correctly.

    ls -l /dev/mapper/backup
  4. Put a filesystem on it. First zero the partition and the put the FS on it. This can take hours and depends on the size of the disk used and the system resources (2TB took ~20h for me).

    Without Progress bar:

    sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/mapper/backup

    With progress bar:

    sudo time pv -tpreb /dev/zero | sudo dd of=/dev/mapper/backup bs=128M

    Create a FS:

    sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/backup



View the status of a current mapping

    sudo cryptsetup -v status backup


Mount and access the data at /mnt/disk

sudo cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/xvdc backup
sudo mount /dev/mapper/backup /mnt/disk


Unmount the disk and close the container.

sudo umount /mnt/disk
sudo cryptsetup luksClose backup

Change passphrase

New passphrase needs to be provided.

sudo cryptsetup luksDump /dev/xvdc
sudo cryptsetup luksAddKey /dev/xvdc

Remove passphrase

The old passphrase needs to be entered.

sudo cryptsetup luksRemoveKey /dev/xvdc